It is perhaps difficult to agree on what a robot is, but most people working in robotics would probably quote the “Father of Robotics”, Joseph F. Engelberger (1925-2015), a pioneer in industrial robotics, stating “I can’t define a robot, but I know one when I see one”.
The word robot does not originate from a scientific or engineering vocabulary, but was first used in the Czech drama “R.U.R.” (Rossum’s Universal Robots) by Karel Capek, that was first played in Prague in 1921. The word itself was invented by his brother Josef. In the drama the robot is an artificial human being which is a brilliant worker, deprived of all “unnecessary qualities”, such as emotions, creativity, and the capacity for feeling pain. In the prologue of the drama the following definition of robots is given: “Robots are not people (Roboti nejsou tide). They are mechanically more perfect than we are, they have an astounding intellectual capacity, but they have no soul. The creation of an engineer is technically more refined than the product of nature”.
The book Robotics evolved through decades of teaching robotics at the Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, where the first textbook on industrial robotics was published in 1980 (A. Kralj and T. Bajd, “Industrijska robotika”). The way of presenting this rather demanding subject was successfully tested with several generations of undergraduate students.
The second edition of the book continues the legacy of the first edition that won the Outstanding Academic Title distinction from the library magazine CHOICE in 2011. The major feature of the book remains its simplicity. The introductory chapter now comprehensively covers different robot classes with the main focus on industrial robots. The position, orientation, and displacement of an object are described by homogenous transformation matrices. These matrices, which are the basis for any analysis of robot mechanisms, are introduced through simple geometrical reasoning. Geometrical models of the robot mechanism are explained with the help of an original, user-friendly vector description. With the world of the roboticist being six-dimensional, orientation of robot end effectors received more attention in this edition.
2. Homogenous Transformation Matrices
3. Geometric Description of the Robot Mechanism
5. Two-Segment Robot Manipulator
6. Parallel Robots
7. Robot Sensors
8. Robot Vision
9. Trajectory Planning
10. Robot Control
11. Robot Environment
12. Collaborative Robots
13. Mobile Robots .
14. Humanoid Robotics
15. Accuracy and Repeatability of Industrial Manipulators
Derivation of the Acceleration in Circular Motion
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