The Committee of Japan Physics Olympiad (JPhO), a non-profit organization approved and supported by the Japanese government, has organized Physics Challenge, a domestic competition in physics. for high-school students, every year since 2005 and has also selected and sent the best five students to represent Japan in the International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) every year since 2006. The main aim of the activity of our Committee is to promote and stimulate high- school-level physics education in Japan so as to achieve a world-class standard, which we have experienced during the IPhO.
Physics Challenge consists of three stages: the First Challenge. the Second Challenge, and the Challenge Final. The First Challenge selects about 100 students from all applicants (1000^1500 in total every year); every applicant is required to take a theoretical examination (90 min, multiple-choice questions) held at more than 70 places on a Sunday in June, and to submit a report on an experiment done by himself. The subject of the experiment is announced several months before the submission deadline.
The Second Challenge is a four-day camp held in August; all students in the Second Challenge lodge together for the whole four days. Each student takes a theoretical examination and an experimental examination; both are five hours long just like the examinations in the IPhO.
The best 10-15 students who show excellent scores in the Second Challenge are nominated as candidates for the Japan team for the IPhO. They are then required to participate in a four-day winter camp at the end of December and a four-day spring camp at the end of March. They are also required to have monthly training via email; the training consists of a series of questions and takes place from September to March. At the end of the spring camp, these candidates take the Challenge Final, which consists of theoretical and experimental examinations. The best five students are then selected to form the Japan team for the IPhO.
Preface to the English Edition
Part I. Theory
Chapter 1. General Physics
Chapter 2. Mechanics
Chapter 3. Oscillations and Waves
Chapter 4. Electromagnetism
Chapter 5. Thermodynamics
Chapter 6. Modern Physics
Part II. Experiment
Chapter 7. How to Measure and Analyze Data
Chapter 8. Practical Exercises
Appendix. Mathematical Physics
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