A Step-by-Step Guide to Successful Data Analysis
For SPSS Version 18.0
Without question, statistics is one of the most dreaded courses for students in the social and behavioral sciences. Enrolling in their first statistics course, students are often apprehensive, fearful, or extremely anxious toward the subject matter. And while SPSS is one of the more easy- to-use statistical software programs available, for anxious students who realize they not only have to learn statistics, but also new software, the task can seem insurmountable.
Keenly aware of students’ anxiety with statistics (and the fact that this anxiety can affect performance), I’ve incorporated a number of features into the text to both alleviate anxiety toward the subject matter and build a successful experience analyzing data in SPSS. Several of these features are described below.
Features of the Text
First and foremost, the book is designed to be hands-on, with the user performing the analyses alongside on their computer as they read through each chapter. To help the reader stay on-track a step-by-step approach is used, beginning with creating the variables in SPSS and ending with writing the results in the format of the American Psychological Association. Screen shots of each step in SPSS are included, and call-out boxes are used to highlight important information in the results. These features are designed to create a user-friendly and successful experience in SPSS, thereby reducing anxiety toward the subject matter. Each of these features (and others included in the book) are detailed in Table 1 on page xii.
In addition to the features described in Table 1, exercises are included at the end of each chapter, with the solutions to the exercises provided in Appendix C. Students are encouraged to work through the exercises to gain the experience required to become more proficient in statistics and with SPSS.
Unit I. Introduction to SPSS, descriptive statistics, graphical displays of data, and reliability using coefficient alpha
Chapter 1. Introduction to SPSS
Chapter 2. Descriptive statistics: frequencies, measures of central tendency, and measures of variability
Chapter 3. Graphical procedures
Chapter 4. Reliability (as measured by coefficient alpha)
Unit II. Inferential Statistics
Chapter 5. The one-sample t test
Chapter 6. The independent-samples t test
Chapter 7. The dependent-samples t test
Chapter 8. The one-way between subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Chapter 9. The two-way between subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Chapter 10. The one-way within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Chapter 11. The one-between-one-within subjects analysis of variance (ANOVA)
Chapter 12. The pearson r correlation coefficient
Chapter 13. Simple linear regression
Chapter 14. Multiple linear regression
Chapter 15. The chi-square goodness of fit test
Chapter 16. The chi-square test of independence
Appendix A. Data transformations and other procedures
Appendix B. Importing files into SPSS
Appendix C. Solutions to chapter exercises
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